The evolution of Iranian taste from coffee to tea in the Qajar period
Analysis of popular drinks
Despite the fact that coffee was a popular drink for all Iranians for several hundred years until the last decades of the 13th century , but in the last decades of this century and the early 14th century , tea was an integral part of food etiquette. Every person became Iranian. Obviously, the study and analysis of these changes is of particular importance in the social history of Iran.
Therefore, in this article, we are looking for an answer to the question of what factors have been involved in changing the Iranian taste from coffee to tea, and how has this transformation taken place?
In our opinion, although there is no zero point to start changes in the actions of individuals throughout history, but the findings of this study indicate that the turning point of this socialization occurred in the last two decades of the 13th century.
However, from the first years of the Qajar dynasty, the seeds of this change were sown and came to fruition at the end of the Nasserite rule. In this article, an attempt has been made to investigate the internal and external causes and factors of this social change.
A gradual but almost long process
Western tourists also frequently mention that in the years leading up to the early twentieth century, coffee was the predominant beverage of the Iranian people, and since the late nineteenth century, tea has been able to overcome its long-standing rival after a continuous struggle and regain it. He returned to the homes of nobles and aristocrats and established himself as a regular part of the food culture of the late Qajar Iranians, so that breakfast started with sweet tea and ended in the evening with Dishlmeh tea.
Apparently, the first samovar that arrived in Iran drew attention to the consumption of tea, and this incident, according to the evidence, was equal to 7 AH, one of which was donated to Mohammad Reza Mirza, the ruler of Rasht, and he was also a samovar. He gave only the girl he knew how to work to Fath Ali Shah as a gift.
Since tea had replaced coffee as a popular beverage in Britain, the Netherlands, and some other European countries in the mid-nineteenth century, and its consumption had increased, large companies were forced to take over the market. Reduced customs duties and lowered the price of tea.
But a gradual but almost long process, along with the role of different internal and external factors caused the place of these two drinks in the food culture of the Iranian people and in the last decades of the nineteenth century it was tea that became a public beverage. Accept the Iranian people.